Professor PAN Jiaofeng is President of Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CASISD), Chairman of Chinese Association of Development Strategy Studies, and Fellow of World Innovation Organization (WIO).
He ever served as vice Secretary-General of CAS, as Director of Bureau of Planning and Strategy, as Director of Bureau of Development and Planning, and as Deputy Director of General office of CAS. He was formerly editor in chief of the Science & Culture Review, Deputy Director of the editorial board of the Science Focus, Deputy Director of the editorial board of the High Technology & Industrialization, a member of Committee of National Science and Technology Fund for Publication of Academic Works, vice Secretary-General of Chinese Mechanical Engineering Society. He was also Adjunct Professor of University of Science and Technology of China, and Adjunct Professor of University of Chinese Academy of Sciences.
He mainly engages in S&T strategic planning, S&T evaluation, and S&T policy research, involving all the key aspects of the S&T macro-management system, such as planning, implementation, resource allocation and evaluation. S&T strategic planning and evaluation is the front and rear end of S&T macro-management system, while S&T policy research is the essential management tool throughout the entire system. The research into the fundamental and universal theoretical Issues of the S&T strategic planning, evaluation, and policy will produce new disciplinary growth points and develop new theory and method; the research into practical and goal-oriented problems concerned by policy-maker, the scientific community and the public will contribute to identifying the bottleneck of the development of S&T as primary productive forces, which can be applied directly to the national macro decision-making and CAS policy formulation.
Since 1998, professor PAN has fully involved in the strategic research, planning, major reform measures formulation and implementation of CAS landmark initiatives, such as “Knowledge Innovation Program”, “Innovation 2020”, and “Pioneer Action Plan”.
He has presided over the drafting of a large number of important policy documents, development planning and research reports, initiated the formulation and implementation of some important reform programs, undertook some key strategic research projects assigned by Central Committee and relevant state departments, such as improving the innovation capability and building up innovative country, the implementation of development strategy driven by innovation, and S&T project concerned about the future long-term development. He also participated in national S&T planning, emerging industry planning, policy research and document drafting on national S&T system reform, research report drafting of S&T strategy, the formulation of some policies and regulations, as well as drafting of speeches for some Central Committee and State Council leaders.
He initiated and organized the serial strategic research: “China’s S&T Roadmaps to 2050” (“Innovation 2050” for short), and the serial reports including Chinese version & English version, totaling 35 volumes, 4 million words, have been published successively. He is also the principal author of the general report “Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050”, which proposes that the world is at the eve of a transformative S&T revolution, suggesting that China should construct the framework of 8 basic and strategic systems for socio-economic development based on S&T innovation, strengthen 22 S&T initiatives of strategic importance to China’s modernization, and pursue the course of S&T innovation with Chinese characteristics. The serial reports were highly appreciated by related research institutes, governmental agencies, and the news media. And the roadmap method has turned out to be an important scientific planning and strategic research method, which has been widely used in domestic planning. Now “Innovation 2050” series have become an important orientation and reference in China's S&T innovation priority selection, as well as policy and strategy formulation.
He also organized the international comparative study of national S&T competitiveness, and as team leader, published a series of research reports, such as The Comparative Study of Science And Technology between China and the United states, Japan, Germany, France, and the United Kingdom, Research on International Science and Technology Competitiveness, Mapping Science Structure 2009, etc. These researches put forward the innovative research methods for comparative study of the S&T development trend, which provided important reference value for understanding and grasping the S&T development status home and abroad.
He has been immersed in the exploration of the S&T plan formulation and implementation method for years. He presided over the research and drafting of CAS "11th Five Year Plan", "12th Five Year Plan", and"13th Five Year Plan", established the integrated planning system of two level (CAS overall plan - institute plan) and three categories(outline plan - key plan - specialized plan), set up the dynamic adjustment mechanism for plan in line with the nature of scientific research activities, and constructed a full-process S&T planning management system, including plan formulation, process management, and performance evaluation.
He proposed the construction of the S&T support system for decision-making, and organized systematic and in-depth research on S&T policy, the law and characteristics of scientific research, management innovation and modern scientific institute system, such as the policy research of the institute comprehensive reform, S&T system reform research, and the management standard system research, etc. Based on these systematic researches, many proposals for policy-making have been put forward, most of which played an important role in China's S&T policy research and formulation.
He has long been deeply involved in theory, method and indicator study of S&T evaluation, based on which, he presided over the CAS S&T performance evaluation, and revolutionized the CAS-institute evaluation system by highlighting the scientific, technical and economic value, proposing six types of scientific criteria for S&T output, and establishing major achievement-oriented institute evaluation system. He has lead the comprehensive quality evaluation of institutes, mid-term evaluation of “Knowledge Innovation Program” Phase III, consultation and evaluation on “Innovation Bases”, institutes diagnostic assessment by international experts, performance evaluation on institute “One, Three and Five” plan, as well as the overall assessment on the 13 years of “Knowledge Innovation Program” with an evaluation report published. He also expanded the analyzing and monitoring function of evaluation, formulating a series of research reports, such as The Institute Development Status Analysis, A Profile of World's Major National Scientific Research Institutions, which enabled the S&T evaluation to serve CAS institute management better, support the S&T development trend analysis and plan formulation more effectively.
He also attached great importance to method innovation. While organizing strategic research of “Innovation 2050”, he explored and created an effective strategic research management pattern: “organizing teams - clarifying tasks - defining research methods - centralizing communication - assessing independently - releasing the results - dynamic updating”. While carrying out policy research, he summarized and established a set of research methods: “defining research subjects - establishing research framework - nailing down the key problems - analyzing the reasons - proposing the measures”. While formulating the S&T plan, he put forward the “nine-square” method to refine and focus the strategic priorities through three aspects: strategic S&T issues, major leapfrogging directions, and cutting-edge & precursory fields. Furthermore, he brought forward the method to define priority areas and formulate “One, Three and Five” plan on the basis of six scientific criteria of S&T outputs.